Allergic Rhinitis / Hay Fever
Nasal allergies may also be referred to as hay fever or allergic rhinitis. In this condition, patients experience sneezing, runny nose, nasal blockage, postnasal drainage and itchy, watery eyes. Symptoms may occur seasonally such as during the spring and fall due to tree, grass, or weed pollens or mold spores. Symptoms may persist on a year-round basis in the case of house dust mite or animal allergies.
A thorough medical history, physical examination and allergy skin testing are used to diagnose this common disorder. Treatment includes environmental control measures to limit allergen exposure, medications, and sometimes allergen immunotherapy, most commonly by injection. Sublingual immunotherapy also has FDA approval for patients with grass, ragweed and house dust mite allergy.